The first tea plants known were thought to be increased in Yunnan Province in southern China. From there they spread to various areas of Asia who had the right types of soil and weather conditions. The custom of drinking tea is said to have originated from China with the emperor Shen Nong. Viewed as an iconoclast of Chinese medicine, he introduced the tea plant to people throughout the year 2700 B.C.. Legend has it that he would try out most of these on himself first and whenever he ingested something poisonous he would cleanse himself by eating beef leaves.matcha,
It seems sure tea leaves have been initially eaten like a medicine long before tea became a popular drink. Actually, there are still a few mountain tribes in southern China, Thailand, and northern Myanmar which eat pickled tea leaves, and until recent past were they aware that the beverage could be brewed from the exact leaves!
As stated by Kouga, the ancient dictionary written during the Later Han dynasty (A.D. 25-220), people in Sichuan Province of western China, compressed steamed leaves into hard bricks to help maintain the standard of the tea over a greater span (very convenient when hauling, too). When making a drink they would season the mixture with ginger or onion. However, this ancient concoction would not qualify as a conventional drink in the typical sense as its intended use wasn’t medicinal.
During the Three Kingdoms period (221-65), the prevalence of tea saw an immediate increase. One cause for it was the widening growth in the practice of Buddhism, which was just starting to get a wider following. Buddhism prohibits the ingestion of alcohol and so that fostered the requirement for the tea.
Throughout the Sui dynasty (581-618), the habit of drinking tea, previously limited by the aristocracy and Buddhist monks, begun to filter through to other classes. In the mid-eighth century, tea shops sprung up, and gradually tea became an essential beverage for ordinary city-dwellers.
It was around this time that Lu Yu, that originated from the tea producing centre of Hubei Province, composed his treatise on tea. The assortment of Yu’s work is impressive. It covers the origins, types of plant farming, the types of utensils used, the best ways to organize and beverage tea, and stories regarding tea and also tea-growing. His expansive compendium of advice spanned three amounts, starting with the propitious line: “There are good luck trees in the south that are beneficial to a individual’s wellbeing” When published the book met with fantastic acclaim and is still looked upon now as a bible of sorts concerning tea.
Tea arrived in Japan from China. This was brought by Japanese Buddhist monks that followed that the special representatives sent to China at the early Heian period (794-1185). The very first record of this habit of tea-drinking from Japan emerged in Nihon koki (Notes on Japan), published in the Heian period. Even the Nihon koki records that if Emperor Saga (reign, 809-23) seen Omi, Eichu encouraged him on his temple and served him sencha, indicating that drinking tea, also a popular pastime in Tang times,’d also become fashionable in Japan’s intellectual circles.
At that moment, tea probably came in the kind of hard bricks, as described by Lu Yu. Compressed to a brick shape to a brick design, tea wasn’t only easy to transfer but additionally organized better during the long ship from China. This is most likely the type of tea brought to Japan, even though leaf tea has been also utilized in China at that moment. The brick was first warmed over a flame and then the portion was broken off by hand or stripped off using a knife. The shavings were ground using a mortar to a powder, that had been added to a pan of heated water and also brewed and subsequently was served at a bowl.
Emperor Saga tried to boost the spread of tea demanding states in the Kinki region around Kyoto to grow the plant. He established tea gardens at 1 field of Kyoto, and started processing and growing it for its usage of physicians attached with the court. This imperial tea, nevertheless, found use mostly in rituals performed by the aristocracy; the beverage had yet to turn into a thing for ingestion by the common men and women.
Traditional Japanese only began to drink tea substantially later, after Eisai (1141-1215), the founder of the Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism, brought back a fresh kind of seedling out of Sung-dynasty China. With it he introduced a brand new means of drinking tea which was known as the “matcha style.” Eisai encouraged the cultivation of tea trees, along with his Kissa yojoki (Health Benefits of Tea) tied tea-drinking to wellbeing and started tea at Japan on a large scale.